Joseph Rotblat believed that scientists should always be concerned with the ethical consequences of their work. He became one of the most prominent critics of the nuclear arms race, was the youngest signatory of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto in 1955, and chaired the press conference that launched it. After the positive coverage of the manifesto, Cyrus Eaton offered to fund the influential Pugwash Conferences. With Bertrand Russell and others he organized the first one of these in 1957 at Thinkers Lodge and continued to work within their framework until his death. Despite the Iron Curtain and the Cold War, he advocated establishing links between scientists from the West and East. In 1995 he shared the Nobel Peace Prize with the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs. Sir Joseph’s medal is on display at Thinkers Lodge in Pugwash, Nova Scotia.
More coming soon. You can read his Nobel speech here.